HTML5 canvas Mandelbrot

I would like to create an animated Mandelbrot visualization using JavaScript on an HTML5 <canvas> element. The Mandelbrot set, popularized by BenoƮt Mandelbrot, is the set of complex numbers that remain bounded under the function zn+1 = zn2 + c. This is known as an escape function; that is, regardless of the size of n, zn never "escapes". Computing the Mandelbrot set can be as computationally complex as desired for a given visualization.

In JavaScript, the escape function can be written as follows:

Mandelbrot.prototype.escapeFunc = function(x, y) {
  r = 0.0; i = 0.0; m = 0.0;
  j = 0;
  while ((j < this.max) && (m < 4.0)) {
    j++;
    m = r * r - i * i;
    i = 2.0 * r * i + y;
    r = m + x;
  }
  return j;
}

For a given HTML5 canvas element, such as

<canvas id="mandelbrot" width="512" height="512">

A Manelbrot set over the complex plane can be represented with the follow object

function Mandelbrot(m) {
  this.m = m;
  this.c = m.getContext("2d");
  this.width = m.width;
  this.height = m.height;
  this.SX = -1.75; // start value real
  this.EX = 0.6;    // end value real
  this.SY = -1.125; // start value imaginary
  this.EY = 1.125;  // end value imaginary
  this.xzoom = (this.EX - this.SX) / (this.width*1.0);
  this.yzoom = (this.EY - this.SY) / (this.height*1.0);
}

Given these functions, rendering a Mandelbrot set on an HTML5 canvas element is as simple as looping through each of the pixels of the canvas, calculating the escape value, and drawing the pixel. Here is a simple render function:

Mandelbrot.prototype.render = function() {
  var prev_h = 0;
  for (var x = 0; x < this.width; x=x+1) {
    for (var y = 0; y < this.height; y=y+1) {
      esc = this.escapeFunc(this.SX + x*this.xzoom, this.SY + y*this.yzoom);
      h = 360 * (esc/this.max)
      if (h != prev_h) {
         perc = Math.floor(100*(h/360))
         this.c.fillStyle='hsla('+ h + ','+ (perc+100) +'%,'+ (60-perc) +'%,'+ this.opacity  +')';
         prev_h = h;
      }
      this.c.fillRect(x,y,1,1);
    }
  }
}

If you have an HTML5 compatible browser you should see an animated example below:

your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas element


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